Evaluation and comparison of the antimicrobial activity of herbal extracts with the standard irrigant against Enterococcus faecalis
Jenny Atom1, Ningthoukhongjam Rati Devi2, Nikita Kangabam2, Bebika Devi Thoudam3, Ronel Lairenlakpam2, N Sukumar Singh4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dental College, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dental College, JNIMS, Imphal, Manipur, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology, Dental College, JNIMS, Imphal, Manipur, India
4 Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dental College, JNIMS, Imphal, Manipur, India
Dr. Jenny Atom
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dental College, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Lamphelpat, Imphal West - 795 004, Manipur
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: Numerous actions to diminish the number of microorganisms in the root canal system comprise the usage of a variety of functional techniques, irrigation methods, and intracanal medications. Irrigation goes hand in hand with resources to help remove pulp tissue and/or microorganisms.
Purpose: The intent of this trial was to assess as well as compare the antimicrobial activity of herbal irrigant with normal irrigant (2.5% sodium hypochlorite [NaOCl]) against Enterococcus faecalis to test its effectiveness as root irrigation water.
Materials and Methods: The culture was elevated overnight at 37°C in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth followed by testing microbial growth for changes in turbidity for 24 h. BHI broth comprising E. faecalis is vaccinated on a BHI agar plate using a grass planting method utilizing a sterile glass dispenser. Five test herbal discs (Curcuma longa [CT]-turmeric, Azadirachta indica [AI], MI, Propolis [P], and Triphala [T]); in addition to two control discs (ethanol as well as NaOCl) positioned on a custom plate.
Results: The average blocking area with a drop-down program for each drug was observed to be: NaOCl (24.0 ± 1.74) >P (14.6 ± 1.84) > AI (09.5 ± 1.72) > T (06.4 ± 0.83) > CT (04.3 ± 04.1± ±0.83).) > Morinda citrifolia (03.2 ± 0.30) > ethanol (00.1 ± 0.01).
Conclusions: P and AI have shown assuring outcomes in the completion of E. faecalis. Nevertheless, their work has been observed to be under NaOCl.