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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 31-36

Oral health status and treatment needs among Group D workers of four government hospitals in Bengaluru

1 Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Chettinad Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Y S Prasanna Kumar
No. 576, Banashankari 3rd Stage, 2nd Phase, 6th block, 2nd main, Bangalore - 560 085
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpcdr.ijpcdr_14_22

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Aim and Objectives of the Study: The aim of the study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs among Group D workers of four government hospitals in Bengaluru and the objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of dental caries, periodontal health status, oral mucosal lesions, and treatment needs and to know the possible relationship between low socioeconomic status and this particular occupation with oral health status. Materials and Methodology: A total of 800 Group D workers were examined according to the WHO Basic Oral Health Survey Assessment Form 1997, and the required data were collected in a prepared format consisting of sociodemographic details, habits, oral hygiene practices, and few questions to assess their knowledge and awareness. The oral cavity of the workers was examined using CPI probe and mouth mirror plane. Results: About 283 (35.4%) workers had one or the other forms of oral mucosal lesions of these, majority (102; 12.8%) had Chewer's mucosa, 67 (8.4%) had smoker's melanosis, 58 (7.3%) had leukedema, 27 (3.4%) had leukoplakia, 17 (2.1%) had oral submucous fibrosis, 8 (1%) had smoker's palate, and 2 (0.3%) had lichen planus. Conclusion: The present study concludes that there is a strong relationship between poor oral health status and higher treatment needs with the low social class, low educational levels, and occupation.

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